Other types of diabetes

There are many less-common types of diabetes besides type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes.

Other types of diabetes can be caused by:

  • rare syndromes (e.g. Alstrom syndrome, Prader Willi syndrome)
  • use of certain medications (e.g. steroids, antipsychotics or those used after organ transplant)
  • conditions such as cystic fibrosis, haemochromatosis
  • damage to the pancreas such as surgery or injury, pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer
  • changes to a single gene – known as MODY or maturity onset diabetes of the young, or neonatal diabetes (usually diagnosed in infants under 6 months old).

It is important to have the correct diagnosis to ensure you receive the most suitable treatment for your type of diabetes. Also, with genetic causes, it’s important to know whether other family members need to be screened.

There is a list of other types of diabetes here.

Learning self-management

Each specific type of diabetes may respond better to different treatments. If you have a less common type of diabetes, it may be best if your GP refers you to an endocrinologist (diabetes specialist).

The principles of eating well and keeping active still form the cornerstone of self-management. However, there may be specific considerations around diet or types of activities, for example, if you have cystic fibrosis.

Your diabetes care plan will need to be tailored to suit you and your specific type of diabetes.


You may have a simple question. Or it might be that you want to find out about new technology or research. Whatever you need, get in touch.

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